Compiegne travel guide

Photo of Compiegne

Visit Compiegne (Hauts-de-France, France)

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The important regional town of Compiègne is not particularly well known by tourists, but you will find there are a good number of sites and places of interest both in and near the town. It is situated north-east of Paris, in the heart of the Oise department of Picardy.

It was in a train carriage here at Compiègne that the armistice to end the First World War was signed.

Exploring Compiegne

There is a great deal to see in Compiegne including an imposing palace and park, several historic buildings and important museums. Many of the places that you will want to visit are in and around the palace so that is where we suggest you start your trip.

Palace of Compiegne (Palais Imperiale de Compiègne)

Although we usually associate the Kings of France with the castles along the Loire Valley, the Palace of Compiègne was also a very important focus for the Royal family before the revolution, especially Louis XVI. This role was later carried on by Napoleon who substantially enhanced the palace and it is the Napoleonic period that dominates your visit.

Palace in centre of Compiegne

The tour of the inside of the castle passes through three important parts:

  • The beautifully furnished Historic Apartments
  • The Museum of the Second Empire, with luxurious furnishings from the period of Napoleon III (1852-1870)
  • The Museum of Vehicles and Tourism, with exhibits including early cars, horse-drawn carriages and steam engines

After exploring the Palace of Compiegne you will certainly want to also explore the gardens - indeed you might well think them the highlight of your visit! In contrast to the royal castles such as Villandry and Versailles to the west of Paris with their formal French style gardens, here at Compiegne you will discover beautiful gardens in the 'English style' and enjoy a long broad walk through the parkland that continues in a straight line for five kilometres to Les Beaux Monts.

We thought this 'English' style of garden must be a recent addition here but apparently it is pretty much as it was originally laid out in the middle of the 18th century.

There are numerous statues and interesting plants and trees as well as plenty of places for a picnic in the Palace grounds which are officially listed as a 'remarkable garden'.


Compiègne town centre

There are more places of interest in the town centre of Compiegne. Start perhaps in front of the 16th century Town Hall, and a chance to admire the gothic style facade. This is really a very impressive sight, with numerous decorative statues including a central statue of King Louis XII on horseback and a large central clocktower with some colourful statues that strike the hours.

As with many towns in the north of France, Joan of Arc played a role in defending Compiegne and you can see a statue commemorating the battle in front of the Town Hall.

Very close to here you can find Compiegne tourist office and also the Museum of Historic Figurines (Musee de la Figurine Historique). In the museum it was very interesting to see the large number of recreations in miniature of battles across the centuries with the Battle of Waterloo the most important. If nothing else you have to admire the time and effort that has gone into preparing these elaborate recreations.

Town Hall in Compiegne

Among the most important religious monuments in Compiegne are:

  • the Church of Saint-Jacques, with origins in the 13th century. This church contains a great deal of decorative elements and is also well known as the church where Joan of Arc came to pray on the day she was captured in 1430
  • the Church of Saint-Antoine, also dating from the 13th century, has an impressive gothic style facade with an ornate entrance and a large rose window
  • the 12th century Church of Saint-Pierre-des-Minimes is in the roman style and has a simple facade that includes a typical roman style entrance, although very damaged with the centuries. The church is now used for art exhibitions.

You can also see a medieval half-timbered house called the Vieille Cassine at the end of Rue des Lombards, and others next door and close by such as the Maison "Le Bouchon" on rue d'Austerlitz. Another building that we found interesting was the Hôtel-Dieu Saint-Nicolas-du-Pont on Rue Jeanne d'Arc. A hospital from the 13th century until the First World War, the Hotel-Dieu contains a small chapel.

Yet another sight worth visiting is the remaining part of the medieval ramparts where you will enjoy a stroll through the Jardin des Remparts. The substantial stone tower called the "Grosse Tour du Roi" was the castle keep that formed part of these original town defences.


Attractions nearby

The Forest of Compiegne to the south-east of the town is very attractive, very popular with locals and visitors alike, and there are seemingly endless paths, trails and cycle paths to explore in the forest.

The most visited destination in the forest also brings a rather sombre note to your visit. The Armistice Memorial commemorating the end of the First World War incorporates a substantial memorial, a museum and an exact replica of the train wagon where the armistice was signed in 1918 (the original wagon was destroyed by the Germans during the Second World War).

Slightly less well known, it was also here that the French signed a truce with the Germans following their invasion in 1940.

Cycle path in Compiegne Forest

Another emotive destination in Compiègne is the Memorial of Imprisonment and Deportation (Mémorial de l'Internement et de la Déportation), the Camp de Royallieu. This site of a Second World War prison and deportation camp, very unusual in France, is now a chance to reflect on the lives of those deported and to get an impression of what the conditions were like here during the war. As well as the main exhibition rooms be sure to visit the Jardin de la Memoire which is very well planned.

At first appearance the Chateau de Pierrefonds looks like a particularly impressive medieval castle but is actually a "fairytale" castle built for Napoleon in the middle of the 19th century on the ruins of a much older castle, with a great deal of attention to recreating the appearance of an older castle. Despite this 'fakery' it is still great fun to visit. See Chateau de Pierrefonds.

If you know Carcassonne in the south of France you might see certain similarities with the Chateau de Pierrefonds. Carcassonne was also in ruins until Viollet-Duc, the 19th century architect and restorer of ancient buildings, took responsibility for the town. For the same reasons, Carcassonne is also 'accused' of being a sort of 19th century idea of how a medieval castle should be rather than a faithful recreation.

You can find more travel ideas in the Oise guide and the Picardy guide.

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... or see ALL recommended places to visit in Oise

Address: Compiègne, Picardy, 60200, France || GPS coordinates: latitude 49.4149, longitude 2.823056

Plan your visit to Compiegne, Oise

Sightseeing & tourist attractions to visit nearby

  • Parc du château de Compiègne: remarkable garden
  • Compiène église Saint-Jacques (monuments on French pilgrim routes): heritage site
  • Forêt de Compiègne: site of natural beauty (4 km)
  • Mont Ganelon: site of natural beauty (5 km)
  • Forêt de Laigue: site of natural beauty (10 km)
  • Eglise de Saint Martin (Gilocourt): religious monument (13 km)
  • Pierrefonds Chateau: national monument (14 km)
  • Eglise abbatiale de Notre Dame (Morienval): religious monument (15 km)
  • Eglise de Saint Sulpice (Bethancourt-en-Valois): religious monument (15 km)
  • Abbaye Saint-Jean-Baptiste du Moncel (Pontpoint): religious monument (18 km)
  • Jardin du donjon de Vez: remarkable garden (21 km)
  • Noyon: town of art and history (23 km)

Market days in Compiegne, France

Regular market(s) are held in Compiegne each Wednesday & Saturday. (Markets are held in the morning unless stated.)

The French version of this page is at Compiegne (Francais)