Briancon travel guide

Photo of Briancon

Visit Briancon (Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur, France)

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Briancon is a fortified mountain town at 1,350 metres above sea level in the Hautes-Alpes department of Provence, close to the French border with Italy and surrounded by alpine mountains, including the spectacular mountain scenery of the Parc National des Ecrins and the Vallée de la Clarée which is one of the 'Grand Sites of France'.

The highest city in Europe, Briancon falls at the end of several important valleys through the mountains, hence its historical importance for both defence and trade. Although the fortifications that now dominate Briancon were added in the 17th-18th centuries to protect the important routes between France, Italy and Austria the town has had an important defensive role to play in the region dating back to roman times.

Exploring Briancon

It is the old town of Briancon, known as the Ville Haute, which is of the most interest to visitors (and the reason why Briancon is now a protected French Historic Town and is listed as an official Town of Art and History in France). Much of this part of the town remains unchanged since it was redesigned and rebuilt by Vauban in the 18th century following the destruction of much of the original town in 1692 by the duc de Savoie.

Grand Rue, Briancon

As well as the ever present military defences there are some notable monuments to discover in Briancon. Enter the town through the large stone gateway called the Porte de Pignerol and follow the main street of the town, Grande Rue, that runs steeply down the hillside from here and is lined with attractive old buildings .

The street is also known as the 'grande gargouille' after the drain that runs down the middle of the street to prevent flooding. The 'drain' was in fact originally designed by Vauban to ensure a constant source of water (the water flows here from the hills behind the town) to fight any fires, as much of the 17th century destruction of the town was due to fire.

The Grand Rue and the streets around it are full of bars, cafés and restaurants allowing you to find everything you need for an enjoyable visit to this charming mountain town. The old town is dominated by the 'twin towered' Abbey Church of Notre Dame and Saint Nicholas (also added by Vauban) with beautiful stone bell towers decorated with ochre coloured render and a painted sun-dial.

Elsewhere in Briancon you will come across several small chapels, fountains such as the 18th century Fountain of Sighs (Fountaine des Soupirs) on Grande Rue,  sundials (eg, on the palace of justice in the Place des Armes) and picturesque squares.


From the old town you can walk down the hill along the Avenue de la Rupublique to the lower town, with its many shops, cafes and commerces or head upwards towards the fort from where you can get some excellent views of Briancon and its fortification and the surrounding mountains.

There are several important examples of fortifications by Vauban, the 18th century military engineer, around the city strategically placed to protect historically important locations on the route between France and Italy, including:

  • the moat, ramparts and gateways into the main city,
  • the forts called Salettes (just above the town),
  • the Three Heads ('des trois têtes'),
  • the Randouillet fort (above the Fort des Trois Tetes),
  • the Asfeld Bridge (crosses a picturesque gorge of the Durance river between Briancon and the Fort des Trois Tetes)

These, and several other associated local forts and defensive works, were mostly added to reinforce Briancon against possible attack from Italy in the early 18th century and are now form part of the UNESCO listed heritage site that includes many Vauban fortifications in various areas of France.

Briancon church

Attractions nearby

Briancon is a base for winter sports enthusiasts, with the Serre-Chevalier group of ski resorts in the mountains around Briancon.

You can explore the beautiful Vallée de la Clarée, classified among the 'grand sites of France'.

You can find more travel ideas in the Hautes-Alpes guide and the Provence guide.

See also: 

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Map of Briancon and places nearby


Visit near Briancon with France This Way reviews

Serre Chevalier

Serre Chevalier

Serre-Chevalier is an extensive alpine ski region, based around Briancon and incorporating many resorts and villages

Serre Chevalier guide


The silver mines in L'Argentiere la Bessée, very active in the 19th century, are now reopened as a popular tourist attraction

L'Argentiere-la-Bessee guide


The picturesque mountain village of Nevache is well placed to explore the scenic Vallée de la Clarée

Nevache guide
Ecrins National Park

Ecrins National Park

Ecrins National Park is a very popular and very scenic National Park in the heart of the French Alps

Ecrins National Park guide


The fortified mountain town of Briancon, one of the highest towns in Europe, is dominated by its historic fortifications

Mont-Dauphin guide
La Grave

La Grave

Although better known as a ski resort, the village of La Grave is also a very unspoiled traditional mountain village

La Grave guide

... or see ALL recommended places to visit in Hautes-Alpes

Tourist classifications for Briancon

Briancon has received the following tourist classifications: historical protected town centre' (secteur sauvegardé); listed town of Art and History

Address: Briançon, Provence, 5100, France || GPS coordinates: latitude 44.9, longitude 6.64

Plan your visit to Briancon, Hautes-Alpes

Sightseeing & tourist attractions to visit nearby

  • Briancon fortifications (Vauban fortifications): heritage site
  • Vallee de la Claree: grand site of france (8 km)
  • L'Argentiere-la-Bessee: recommended detour (13 km)
  • Queyras: regional natural parc (25 km)
  • Place Forte de Mont-Dauphin: national monument (26 km)
  • Mont-Dauphin place forte (Vauban fortifications): heritage site (26 km)
  • La Meije: site of natural beauty (29 km)
  • Jardin alpin du Lautaret: remarkable garden (29 km)
  • La Grave: most beautiful village (31 km)
  • Aiguilles d'Arves: site of natural beauty (35 km)
  • Cirque de Viso: site of natural beauty (42 km)
  • Saint-Jean-de-Maurienne: recommended detour (47 km)

Market days in Briancon, France

A seasonal market is held in Briancon on Sunday.

Regular market(s) are held in Briancon each Wednesday. (Markets are held in the morning unless stated.)

The French version of this page is at Briancon (Francais)