Saltworks of Arc-et-Senans, Franche-Comte: tourism & sightseeing
Visit Saltworks of Arc-et-Senans (Franche-Comte, France)
The Royal Saltworks is found south of Besancon, in the chaux forest in the Franche-Comté region of France. Construction of the Royal Saltworks began in 1775, on orders from Louis XV.
At this time salt was a very important commodity used for example in food storage, agriculture and glass production and medecine, and its production was a key industry in France. The building project was in part funded by a salt-tax that was added to the price of all salt sold in France, a tax that was extremely unpopular.
The salt production process at Arc-et-Senans
The general principal was that salty water was sent to the Royal Saltworks from Salins-les-Bains, 20 kilometres away. The water was then evaporated, first in a large pool (no longer in existence) and then in large pans heated by burning wood from the surrounding forest, and the remaining salt collected.
The site was chosen because of the proximity of the forest - it was easier to transport the water here through pipes than to transport the wood to Salins-les-Bains. The site continued to manufacture salt until 1895, then fell to ruin until 1927 when it was bought by the local department. Several phases of reconstruction and renovation followed.
Exploring the Royal Saltworks
The buildings funded by this salt tax are suitably grandiose, with the site set out as a semi-circle. The workers houses, the director's house (the most dominant building in the centre of the straight edge of the semi-circle), the buildings for the production of salt, and other related buildings such as the stables set around the edges of the semi-circle.
According to the designer, Claude-Nicolas Ledou, by having the workers living on site they would avoid the 'distractions' that might otherwise reduce their efficiency.
Some of the buildings follow a simple classical, columned, design while others are more basic. The welcoming appearance on the outside contrasts with the conditions in the buildings in which the workers actually prepared the salt.
Within the directors house at the Royal Saltworks there is a large exhibition dedicated to explaining the history of the production and use of salt, from where it comes from to why it was always so important for world trade.
The buildings are surrounded by an extensive and very attractive series of gardens, and the whole site is listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
A visit to the Royal Saltworks can be combined with a visit to Salins-les-Bains, where the salt mines can be visited.
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Address: Saline Royale d'Arc-et-Senans, Doubs, Franche-Comte, France || GPS: latitude 47.035, longitude 5.7868
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Sightseeing & tourist attractions to visit nearby
- Royal Saltworks of Arc-et-Senans: heritage site
- Salins-les-Bains: town of art and history (13km)
- Arbois: town of art and history (15km)
- Jardin à la Faulx: remarkable garden (23km)
- Dole: secteur sauvegarde (23km)
- Forêt de la Joux: site of natural beauty (27km)
- Citadelle de Besançon: zoo or wildlife park (29km)
- Besancon citadelle (Vauban fortifications): heritage site (29km)
- Besancon: secteur sauvegarde (29km)
- Astronomical clock of Besancon: national monument (30km)
The French version of this page is at Saltworks of Arc-et-Senans (Francais)