Visit Poitiers (Poitou-Charentes, France)
The town of Poitiers is centrally placed in the Poitou-Charentes region, of which it is the administrative capital. slightly off the main tourist routes, Poitiers is none the less a town steeped in history and this has resulted in a city with a lovely medieval heart containing numerous sites of interest.
Poitiers is a university town (the second oldest in France after Paris and the town with one of the biggest student populations) which means it has a vibrant night life and lots of cultural activities. Previous students include Descartes and Francis Bacon.
A brief history of medieval Poitiers
Poitiers was the province’s capital city even in Gallo-Roman times but its most famous and prosperous period of history was during the middle ages in the times of Eleanor of Aquitaine.
In one of the most turbulent periods of French history, Eleanor had her marriage to Louis VII of France annulled and then married Henry Plantagenet who subsequently became King Henry II of England (1152). As a result large areas of western France including Poitiers passed under English control. Poitiers became an English town as it was part of the dowry she brought to her marriage.
Eleanor liked the city and often spent time there and her support led to the building of some remarkable buildings such as the Eglise Notre Dame la Grande, which is a Romanesque style church. The division of France led to continuous struggles between the English and French, that ultimately led to the Hundred Years War (1337-1453) - the Battle of Poitiers was one of the great English victories of the war.
Of the many interesting historic buildings in Poitiers it is the religious monuments that dominate a visit. Start with the Eglise Notre Dame with its very ornate facade dating from the 12th century and an important example of roman style architecture.
Now move on to the magnificent Saint Pierre Cathedral, a Gothic building dating from the 12th century and also with an ornate facade. Inside you can see an enormous 18th century organ and some impressive stained glass windows.
If you are near Poitiers during the summer, be sure to be near the Notre-Dame church at dusk, when an impressive light display recreates the colours of the cathedral in the Middle Ages.
Nearby is the rather austere Baptistry of Saint-Jean, dating in part from the 4th century and the oldest Christian monument in France. The building contains the large baptism pool from the days of early christianity when baptism was by full body immersion. You can also see some great frescoes from the 12th and 13th centuries in the baptistry.
Although these three are the most important religious monuments in Poitiers there are several other churches that you will discover as you explore such as the imposing square tower of the entrance to the Church of Saint-Porchaire and the Church of Saint-Hilaire.
The streets in the historic centre of Poitiers are full of lovely medieval architecture with lots of half timbered houses. The law courts are also very distinctive. Lovely to walk around in, these streets are also full of great shops!
The Jardin des Plantes is not far from here if you want a nice spot to relax for a while.
Other buildings of interest include the 19th century Town Hall and several grand townhouses built during the 17th and 18th centuries such as the Hotel Fumé and the Hotel Berthelot.
A little further out of town is the Parc de Blossac, a lovely place to relax and perhaps have a picnic (there are also several other attractive parks in Poitiers).
The Church of Saint Hilaire which is a UNESCO World Heritage site for the Ways to Saint John of Compostella is also near here.
How to explore Poitiers
When you arrive in Poitiers we suggest you head straight for the tourist office (near the Notre Dame church) and ask for their map of the town with the tourist circuits marked out. There are three circuits each taking around an hour to complete. All three are recommended so allow plenty of time for your visit!
The blue circuit leads you around the most important monuments of Poitiers such as the baptistry, cathedral and church of Notre-Dame. The yellow circuit leads you round the main sights in the historic centre, and the red circuit takes you to the area around the Parc de Blossac.
Near to Poitiers
In the vicinity the villages of Chauvigny, Montmorillon, Chatellerault, Loudun and Civray are all worth a visit. The cave system at La Norée is recommended, and the abbey at Nouaille-Maupertuis is another impressive example of roman style architecture just a few kilometres from Poitiers.
Also close to Poiters for those of you with children Futuroscope is a great theme park packed with virtual reality rides and shows.
Photos of Poitiers
Click any picture to start the gallery
Tourist classifications for Poitiers
Poitiers has received the following tourist classifications: listed town of Art and History ; historical protected town centre' (secteur sauvegardé)
Address: Poitiers, Vienne, Poitou-Charentes, 86000 || GPS: latitude 46.5819, longitude 0.336112
Map of Poitiers & places nearby
Highlights close by
Moncontour, Vienne 43km
Suggested tourist attractions to visit near Poitiers, France
- Poitiers église Saint-Hilaire le Grand (monuments on French pilgrim routes) - heritage site
- Abbaye de Nouaillé-Mauperthuis (Nouaille-Maupertuis) - religious monument (10km)
- Futuroscope - theme park (10km)
- Laverré - remarkable garden (15km)
- Vivonne - village d'etape (18km)
- Touffou - remarkable garden (20km)
- Eglise de Notre-Dame (Lusignan) - religious monument (23km)
- Eglise de Saint Maurice (Saint-Maurice-la-Clouere) - religious monument (23km)
- Chauvigny - recommended detour (24km)
- Eglise de Saint Pierre (Chauvigny) - religious monument (24km)
Market days in Poitiers: Regular market(s) are held in Poitiers each Wednesday & Thursday & Sunday & Saturday all day & Friday. (Markets are held in the morning unless stated.)
The French version of this page is at Poitiers (Francais)