Visit Le Struthof (Alsace, France)
During the Second World War, Alsace was annexed by Germany to become part of Germany itself. Perhaps this is why it had the 'distinction' of being home to the only concentration camp to be built on 'French' soil, at Le Struthof.
Struthof was built in the Vosges Mountains close to the village of Natzwiller (the full name of the camp was Natzweiler-Struthof), and was used from 1941 to 1944.
Struthof was not a camp of mass-extermination, but still approximately 25,000 people died in the camp, from malnutrition and overwork, and medical experiments. A gas chamber was also built nearby. Those imprisoned were frequently political prisoners and resistance fighters.
Prisoners were often brought to Struthof under the 'Night and Fog' ruling of Nazi Germany:
Heinrich Himmler original decree:
After lengthy consideration, it is the will of the Führer that the measures taken against those who are guilty of offenses against the Reich or against the occupation forces in occupied areas should be altered. The Führer is of the opinion that in such cases penal servitude or even a hard labor sentence for life will be regarded as a sign of weakness. An effective and lasting deterrent can be achieved only by the death penalty or by taking measures which will leave the family and the population uncertain as to the fate of the offender. Deportation to Germany serves this purpose.
Letter from Field Marshall Wilhelm Keitel
Efficient and enduring intimidation can only be achieved either by capital punishment or by measures by which the relatives of the criminals do not know the fate of the criminal. The prisoners are, in future, to be transported to Germany secretly, and further treatment of the offenders will take place here; these measures will have a deterrent effect because - A. The prisoners will vanish without a trace. B. No information may be given as to their whereabouts or their fate.
The site has been partially preserved, including the barbed-wire fences and a couple of the dormitories. The building that held the gas chamber is still standing, and the quarries where the prisoners were forced to work can still be seen.
A large monument has been constructed on the site in tribute to the events that took place.
Photos taken within 10 km
Address: Le Struthof, Bas-Rhin, Alsace || GPS: latitude 48.438, longitude 7.2541
Map of Le Struthof & places nearby
Highlights close by
Chateau Andlau 12km
Suggested tourist attractions to visit near Le Struthof, France
- Domaine du Windeck - remarkable garden (13km)
- Mittelbergheim - most beautiful village (15km)
- Itterswiller - ville fleurie 4* (16km)
- Obernai - recommended detour (17km)
- Jardins de Callunes - remarkable garden (21km)
- Parc du château de Kintzheim - remarkable garden (22km)
- Cigoland - zoo or wildlife park (23km)
- Bergheim - ville fleurie 4* (27km)
- Ribeauville - ville fleurie 4* (28km)
- Jardin du chateau de Kolbsheim - remarkable garden (28km)
The French version of this page is at Le Struthof (Francais)