Chateau de Blois, Loire Valley
Discover Chateau de Blois
The Royal Château de Blois is located in the town of Blois, in the Loir-et-Cher département of the Loire Valley, in France.
Explore the Chateau de Blois
Unlike most of the Loire valley castles, that present a single identifiable style, the Chateau at Blois comprises various buildings that were built over the course of several centuries (from the 13th century to the 17th century), and thus consists of a series of different styles. This variety is best seen in the central courtyard where the structures from various epochs can clearly be seen.
Brief history of Blois Castle
In its long history as a regional centre Blois castle was home to several kings: Louis XII, Francois I, Henry III and Henry IV. One of the most important events to take place at Blois castle was when Joan of Arc came here in 1429 to be blessed before setting off to drive the English from Orleans.
After several centuries of occupation and development the castle came to be used less and less, and by the middle of the 17th century it was largely abandoned. This situation was made worse during the revolution when many of the important artefacts were destroyed or removed from the castle.
It was to be another fifty years before the importance of the castle was to be officially recognised, when it was listed as a historic monument, and subsequently restored to its former glory.
Architecture of the Chateau de Blois
Before you even enter the castle, you can admire the facade that dominates the Place du Chateau in Blois. This is dominated by the "flamboyant gothic" style red-brick wing, built under Louis XII in the early 16th century, and (to the right) the gothic hall that remains from the original 13th century fortress: this hall is the largest gothic hall in France.
The facade includes a statue of Louis XII set in the wall above the entrance. The stone masonry around the statue and around the windows of the top floor and the pattern incorporated into the brickwork are among the points of interest. The Blois Museum of Fine Arts is situated in the rooms of the first floor of this wing.
Before paying to enter the castle you can walk around to the right of the castle and see the high side of the wing added by Gaston d'Orleans using renaissance style architecture in the 16th century (1515-1520) and incorporating two rows of open galleries. The contrast in style between this wing, and the main facade built just 15 years earlier, reminds us how quickly architectural styles were changing in the 16th century.
The most recent part of the castle is the classical wing, seen to the rear of the Chateau de Blois and built in the 1630s. You can see this wing from the public gardens behind the castle but is best appreciated from the castle courtyard.
Inside the interior courtyard of the Chateau de Blois you can see the four wings of the castle together: as you enter, the gothic medieval fortress is behind you, the "flamboyant" Louis XII wing is on your left, the renaissance Francois 1er wing is on your right and the classical Gaston d'Orléans wing is straight ahead of you.
The renaissance wing includes the grand spiral staircase, the most famous feature at Blois chateau and the full height of the castle: the staircase includes statues and royal motifs such as the salamander as well as other impressive detail in the stonework. The other important building in the courtyard is the Saint-Calais chapel built in 1508.
After admiring the main structure of Blois castle you can visit the rooms of the castle, that include several notable highlights. These include the cavernous 13th century 'salle des etats' in the earliest part of the castle, with its ornately decorated ceiling; the opulent decoration of rooms such as the Henry IV bedroom; and the 'chamber of secrets' of Catherine de Medici.
There are about 30 furnished rooms to visit, many with beautiful floors and ceilings. Rather than being furnished in the traditional style of recreating the style of the epoque, on display in the rooms you can see thousands of historical items including furniture and paintings.
Visiting the Chateau de Blois
The castle is open every day of the year except Christmas Day and New Years Day. Admission is about 10 euros for an adult, or 15 euros if it also includes the Son et Lumière display. Various reduced price tickets are available that combine entrance with other attractions in Blois such as the Maison de la Magie or the Fondation du Doute (see Blois guide for details).
From April to September there is a 'Son et Lumière' show in the castle courtyard every evening, which is impressive and a great way to help understand the history of the castle and the important events that took place here.
If you enjoy visiting castles you will certainly also want to visit the Chateau de Chambord and the Chateau de Cheverny: both of these are just a short distance east of Blois. See more Loire Valley castles.
Map of Chateau de Blois and places to visit
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Address: Blois, Loir-et-Cher, Loire Valley, 41000, France || GPS: latitude 47.5855, longitude 1.331
Sightseeing & tourist attractions to visit nearby
- Blois: secteur sauvegarde
- Roseraie des terrasses de l’évêché: remarkable garden
- Parc du château de Beauregard: remarkable garden (7km)
- Fougeres-sur-Bievre Chateau: national monument (15km)
- Domaine régional de Chaumont-sur-Loire: remarkable garden (16km)
- Talcy Chateau: national monument (22km)
- Jardin du château de Talcy: remarkable garden (22km)
- Réserve de Beaumarchais: zoo or wildlife park (26km)
- Vendome: town of art and history (31km)
- Beaugency: recommended detour (31km)