Visit Bourges (Loire Valley, France)
Bourges is an important town in central France, towards the south-east of the Loire Valley (Centre) region and about 100 km south of Orléans.
A visit to Bourges will usually start with the cathedral - but note that although the cathedral is the main attraction in Bourges there are many other historical monuments and places of interest to discover in the town. Allow time to explore!
The cathedral of St Etienne of Bourges was constructed between 1195 and 1270. It is now on the list of UNESCO World Heritage sites in France who describe the cathedral as a 'masterpiece of gothic art' - above all for the great success of the design and proportions. It is one of the great cathedrals of France and there are clear similarities in the external design between Bourges cathedral and Notre Dame cathedral in Paris.
From the outside of the cathedral it is the elaborate decoration, and the extensive use of flying buttresses, that stand out. Flying buttresses (the thin ribs along the sides of the building) enabled taller cathedrals to be built, with thinner walls. The use of flying buttresses also enabled the cathedral to be built without a transept (the 'cross' part of the layout, usually found just before the choir) - so the inside of the cathedral is an unbroken design.
The main highlights of the cathedral include:
- the carving around the doorway (called the 'tympanum') is an extraordinary and extensive depiction of the Last Judgement, in fine detail and with numerous individual sections to capture your attention. In all there are five separate entrances along the facade, each featuring elaborate stonework.
- the stained glass windows it contains, dating from the 13th century construction of the cathedral (it is very unusual to find original windows in a cathedral of this age), are very attractive and colourful, and contain fascinating depictions of biblical stories
- The great tower at Bourges cathedral is copied from one to be found at the Louvre. The Tower and the Crypt can be visited.
Don't miss the carefully planted gardens to the south of the cathedral.
Jacques-Coeur was the son of a local merchant born here in 1400 who rose to become treasurer to the King - a position which brought him great wealth with which to build this palace. A magnificent building both inside and outside.
The outside features a great deal of sculptured ornamentation while inside you can see signs of the luxury, including monumental fireplaces and...indoor toilets (exceptional for the 15th century)!
Other Bourges monuments
Much of the town burned to the ground in 1487, so many of the buildings you see date from the rebuilding shortly after that time, which was a very busy time of reconstruction. Above all it is the medieval part of the old town that you will enjoy exploring, just north of the cathedral.
There are some very impressive grand houses and more modest medieval dwellings, including numerous (more than 400) half-timbered houses some of which feature ornately carved woodwork. (note: earlier medieval houses typically feature upper stories that overhang the lower stories, providing some protection from the rain, but this practice was banned in Bourges for buildings constructed after the great fire in 1487.) Start exploring these in the Place Gordaine and the rue Bourbonnoux and elsewhere in the centre.
Other particular highlights in the historic centre include the 15th century Echevin's palace (immediately recognisable by its hexagonal stone tower that contains the staircase); the Hotel Cujas (a 16th century townhouse that is now home to the Museum of Berry); the renaissance style Hotel Lallemant (now home to the Museum of Decorative Arts); the 16th century Hotel-Dieu (which continued to be a hospital until only 20 years ago); the 17th century Archbishops Palace (note that this large building is only a small part of the structure that was originally planned);
Wander a little further and you can see the remains of the Gallo-Roman walls that once formed the city perimeter. Several of the important monuments above include one wall that incorporates these original ramparts. A very attractive walk that follows the ramparts is one of the highlights of your visit to Bourges.
Parks and gardens
There are also several parks and gardens in Bourges which are very pleasant to explore and to find some peace and quiet.
If you only have time to visit one of these we suggest the Pres Fichaux gardens that have a very unusual design that combines typical French style gardens with statues, hedges and water features.
Another particular favourite in Bourges is the lovely gardens just outside the old town, where a very extensive selection of small gardens interspersed by streams makes the Marais de Bourges a very pleasant and unusual environment to visit.
Night time lighting
Perhaps the best time to visit Bourges is between May and September, at dusk, when careful lighting effects cast an attractive light on many of the highlights in the town, for a two hour guided walk of the town.
Visit Bourges tourist office for information. (The walk is self-guided, start the walk in the garden next to the cathedral at dusk and follow the lights! May, June and September: thursdays, fridays and saturdays; July and August: every evening).
Both Bourges cathedral and the Palais Jacques-Coeur are listed as French National Monuments.
Photos taken within 10 km
Tourist classifications for Bourges
Bourges has received the following tourist classifications: ; ; historical protected town centre' (secteur sauvegardé); listed town of Art and History ; village in bloom (ville fleurie) 4*
Address: Bourges, Cher, Loire Valley, 18000 || GPS: latitude 47.0844, longitude 2.39639
Map of Bourges & places nearby
Highlights close by
Suggested tourist attractions to visit near Bourges, France
- Palace Jacques Coeur - national monument
- Les Prés Fichaux - remarkable garden
- Bourges Cathedral - national monument
- Eglise de Saint Martin (Plaimpied-Givaudins) - religious monument (10km)
- Mehun-sur-Yevre - recommended detour (15km)
- Eglise de Saint André (Jussy-Champagne) - religious monument (22km)
- St Aignan de Brinay (Brinay) - religious monument (23km)
- Collegiale Saint Etienne (Dun-sur-Auron) - religious monument (26km)
- Eglise de Saint Germain (Blet) - religious monument (33km)
- Issoudun - ville fleurie 4* (34km)
Market days in Bourges: Regular market(s) are held in Bourges each Wednesday & Thursday & Sunday & Saturday & Friday. (Markets are held in the morning unless stated.)
The French version of this page is at Bourges (Francais)